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LavalLaval is a city and a region in southwestern Quebec, Canada. With a population of 368,709 in 2006,, it is the second largest city in Greater Montreal, and the third largest in the province of Quebec. Laval is located in between the Riviere des Mille Iles opposite the north shore and the Riviere des Prairies, opposite Montreal. Laval occupies all of Ile Jesus as well as the Laval Islands.
Laval constitutes region 13 of the 17 administrative regions of Quebec as well as a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) with geographical code 65.
Laval was originally inhabited by Mohawks before the French arrived. The first European Settlers were Jesuits in 1636 when they were granted a seigneury there. Agriculture first appeared in Laval in 1670. In 1675, Francois de Montmorency-Laval gained control of the seigneury. In 1702 a parish was founded, and dedicated to Saint-Francois de Sales. The first municipalities on the island were created in 1845, after nearly 200 years of a rural nature. The only built-up area on the island, Sainte-Rose, was incorporated as a village in 1850, and remained as the main community for the remainder of the century. With the dawn of the 20th century came urbanization. Laval-des-Rapides became Laval's first city in 1912, followed by L'Abord-a-Plouffe being granted village status three years later. Laval-sur-le-Lac was founded in the same year on its tourist-based economy from Montrealers. Laval began to grow throughout the following years, due to its proximity to Montreal that made it an ideal suburb.
To deal with problems caused by urbanization, amalgamations occurred; L'Abord-a-Plouffe amalgamated with Renaud and Saint-Martin creating the city of Chomedey in 1961. The amalgamation turned out to be so successful for the municipalities involved that the Quebec government decided to amalgamate the whole island into a single city of Laval in 1965. Laval was named after the first owner of Ile Jesus, Francois de Montmorency-Laval, the first Roman Catholic Bishop of Quebec. At the time, Laval had a population of 170,000. Laval became a Regional County Municipality in 1980. Prior to that, it was the County of Laval.
The 14 municipalities, which existed prior to the incorporation of the amalgamated City of Laval on August 6, 1965, were:
The island has developed over time, with most of the urban area in the central region and along the south and west river banks.
Laval is bordered on the south by Montreal across the Riviere des Prairies, on the north by MRC des Moulins and by MRC de Therese-de-Blainville and on the west by MRC de Deux-Montagnes across the Riviere des Mille Iles.
In 2001, the population of Laval was an estimated 343,005, a 3.8 percent increase from the earlier census in 1996. Women constitute 51.44% of the total population. Children under 14 years of age total 18.6%, while those of retirement age (65 years of age and older) number 13.2% resulting in a median age of 38.7 years.
In Laval, 15.48% of the population was born outside of Canada, substantially lower than the national average, many immigrants hailing from the French Caribbean, the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe. Those of indigenous origin constitute 0.22%, while those who are visible minorities (non-white/European) number 8.68%, and are chiefly Black Canadian, Arab, and Hispanic. As with many parts of Quebec, the city is highly Christian (90.71%), particularly Roman Catholic (81.09%), while Protestant and Orthodox groups constitute the remainder of the population. Religions such as Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, and others number less than 5% combined.
Currently the city is divided in six sectors (secteurs in French) which only approximately cover the territories of the former municipalities. They are:
* Sector 1
* Sector 2
* Sector 3
* Sector 4
o Fabreville Ouest
o Iles Laval
* Sector 5
o Fabreville Est
* Sector 6
The former city of Fabreville was divided among two sectors.
On a white-yellow background, the emblem of Laval illustrates the modernism of a city in full expansion. The sign of the city symbolizes the "L" of Laval.
The colours also have a significant meaning :
* Dark red represents usually the affluence and represents here the great economic potential of Laval.
* Blue symbolizes the quality of life and the installation of a human city.
The "L" of Laval is made of cubes that represent the development of Laval.
The letters of the Laval signature are related one to the other to point out the merger of the 14 municipalities of Jesus island in 1965.
Municipal elections and mayors
As of 2008, Gilles Vaillancourt is the mayor of the city of Laval. He has been in office since 1989. Vaillancourt's party, the Parti PRO des Lavallois, was born in 1980. Vaillancourt took over as head of the party just before the 1989 municipal elections.
Past mayors have been:
* Jean-Noel Lavoie (founding mayor), 1965
* Jacques Tetreault, 1965-1973
* Dr. Lucien Paiement, 1973-1981
* Claude U. Lefebvre, 1981-1989
Federal and provincial
See also: Canadian federal election results in Northern Montreal and Laval and Quebec general election, 2007.
Politically, Laval is a battleground area between the Quebec nationalist parties (the Bloc Quebecois federally and the Parti Quebecois provincially) and the federalist parties (the Liberal Party of Canada and the Parti liberal du Quebec). The only exception is Chomedey in the south, which voted overwhelmingly to not separate in the 1995 Quebec referendum. The other parts of Laval were narrowly split.
Laval's diverse economy is centered around the technology, pharmaceutical, industrial and retail sectors. It has many pharmaceutical laboratories but also stone quarries and a persistent agricultural sector. Long seen as a bedroom community, Laval has diversified its economy, especially in the retail sector, developing numerous shopping malls, warehouses and various retail stores.
The following is a list of the industrial parks in Laval.
Industrial Park Centre
One of the largest municipal industrial parks in Quebec, the Industrial Park Centre is located in the heart of Laval (corner of St. Martin West and Blvd. Industriel) and boasts the highest concentration of manufacturing companies in Laval; 1,024 at last count, and 22,378 employees. The park still has 1,300,643 m? of space available.
Highway 25 Industrial Park
Inaugurated in 2001, this new industrial municipal space has been a tremendous success, boasting an 80% occupancy rate. Easy to access, the Autoroute 25 Industrial Park is at the crossroads of the metropolitan road network. Laval is studying the possibility of expanding this park in the next few years.
Industrial Park East
This park has reached full maturity with a 100% occupancy rate. Located in Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, the Industrial Park East is currently part of a municipal program to revitalize municipal services and public utilities. Laval is working with a private developer on an expansion project for the park that should be announced in the near future.
Laval Science and High Technology Park
Laval Science and High Technology Park; an internationally renowned science campus that houses the Biotech City and the Information Technology Development Center (ITDC), the Laval Science and High Technology Park is a beacon of the metropolitan economy, located in an environment befitting the best technopolises in the world. Nearly 500,000 square meters (5,380,000 sq ft) of space are available for development. Located along Riviere des Prairies and Autoroute 15, the Biotech City spans the entire territory of the Laval Science and High Technology Park and is a unique concept in Canada in that its residents comprise both universities and companies.
Club Sport League Stadium/Arena
Regents Ice Hockey Midget AAA Colisee de Laval
Laval Comets Women?? soccer W-League Bois-de-Boulogne Sports Centre
Les Associes de Laval Baseball Ligue de Baseball Elite du Quebec Montmorency Park
Vikings de Laval Nord Canadian football Midget AAA Parc Roi du Nord
Les Bulldogs de Laval Canadian football Midget AAA Parc Cartier
Les Loups de CAL Canadian football Juvenile AAA Parc Roi du Nord
Laval Devils Canadian football Quebec Junior Football League Parc Cartier
Laval was also host-city of the "Jeux du Quebec" held in summer 1991.
The Metropolitan Community of Montreal
* A-13 (Chomedey Highway) - Montreal to Boisbriand
* A-15 (Laurentian Highway) - New York state to Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts
* A-19 (Papineau Highway) - Montreal to Boulevard Dagenais, continues as Route 335 to Bois-des-Filion and beyond
* A-25 - Boucherville to Saint-Esprit via Montreal and the A-440 (Laval)
* A-440 (Laval Freeway) - Laval
* Route 117 - Montreal to Ontario Highway 66 past Rouyn-Noranda
* Route 125 - Montreal to Saint-Donat
* Route 148 - Laval to Pembroke, Ontario
* Route 335 - Montreal to the Lanaudiere region past Saint-Calixte
* On June 18, 2000, during renovations to the Souvenir Boulevard overpass over Highway 15, the southern section collapsed onto the highway, causing the death of one person.
* On September 30, 2006, the De la Concorde overpass over Autoroute 19 suddenly collapsed killing five people. See also: De la Concorde Overpass collapse.
A train arriving at Montmorency station in the Montreal Metro.
* In April 2007, the Montreal Metro was extended to Laval with three stations. The long-awaited stations were begun in 2003 and completed in April 2007, two months ahead of the revised schedule, at a cost of $803 million, funded entirely by the Quebec government. The stations are Cartier, De La Concorde, and Montmorency. The arrival of the subway in Laval was long awaited as it was first promised in the 1960s.
* Public transit users must purchase the $105 TRAM card to access the metro from Laval's three new stations or pay $2.75 per trip towards Montreal since regular Montreal tickets and the CAM pass are not valid at the three new stations.
* On July 22, 2007, the mayor of Laval, Gilles Vaillancourt, announced his wish to loop the Orange line from Montmorency to Cote-Vertu stations with the addition of six new stations (three in Laval and another three in Montreal). He proposes that Transports Quebec, the provincial transport department, set aside $100M annually to fund the project, which is expected to cost upwards of $1.5 billion .
The Agence metropolitaine de transport (AMT) operates two commuter train lines on the island. The Deux-Montagnes and Blainville-Saint-Jerome lines connect Laval to downtown Montreal in as little as 30 minutes. Including De la Concorde, there are currently five train stations.
See the Societe de transport de Laval page for the public transit system. The STL's network consists of 35 regular lines, two rush hour lines, two trainbus lines, three express lines, one community circuit and several taxi lines.
* There are reserved lanes for buses and taxis on Chomedey Blvd between Le Carrefour Blvd and the Des Prairies River (Lachapelle Bridge) and beyond as well as along boulevard des Laurentides between rue Proulx and boulevard Cartier (the reserved lane, in this case for buses only, continues onto the Pont Viau bridge into Montreal until the Terminus Laval at the Henri-Bourassa metro station). Most buses that use the reserved lane end their journey at the Cartier metro station.
* The AMT and the City of Laval have developed a reserved bus and taxi lane on Notre-Dame Boulevard between Vincent Massey Street and Place Alton-Goldbloom and another on De la Concorde Blvd between De l'Avenir and Laval Blvds, as well as between Ampere Ave and Roanne St. These reserved lanes (Notre-Dame and De la Concorde are the same boulevard but change name where they meet under Autoroute 15) opened shortly after October 31, 2007.
A Google Map of the subway system, including the three new Laval stations can be viewed at Montreal-Laval Subway Map Mashup.
Blainville-Saint-Jerome Line Deux-Montagnes Line Line 2 Orange (Montreal Metro)
Sainte-Rose Sainte-Dorothee Montmorency
Vimont Ile-Bigras De la Concorde
De la Concorde Cartier
Laval is home to a variety of vocational/technical centres, colleges and universities, including:
* College Montmorency
* CDI College
* Centre de formation Competences-2000
* Centre de formation en metallurgie de Laval
* Chomedey Centre
* Centre de formation horticole de Laval
* Centre de formation Paul-Emile-Dufresne
* Herzing College
* Ecole hoteliere de Laval
* Ecole polymecanique de Laval
* Centre de formation Le Chantier
* Institut de protection contre les incendies du Quebec
* Universite de Montreal (Laval campus)
* Delta College
* Universite du Quebec a Montreal (Laval campus)
The city has two separate school boards, the Commission scolaire de Laval for French-speaking students and the Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board for English-speaking students
The Cosmodome is a major local attraction.
This article may be confusing or unclear to readers. Please help clarify the article; suggestions may be found on the talk page. (September 2007)
Laval's main attractions are:
* The Cosmodome
* Mille-Iles River Park
* Mondial Choral Loto-Quebec
* The Carrefour Laval shopping centre
* Commercial directory INFO Laval Website
* The Recreatheque
* Moomba Supper Club
* Armand-Frappier museum
* Riviere-des-Prairies' hydroelectric plant (3 dams)
o Riviere-des-Prairies' hydroelectric plant
o Riviere-des-Prairies' hydroelectric plant (French only)
* Old Sainte-Dorothee
* Old Saint-Vincent-de-Paul
* Sainte-Rose-de-Lima church
* Saint-Francois-de-Sales church
* Laval Restaurants
* Laval Symphony Orchestra
* Salle Andre-Mathieu show hall
* La Maison des Jardins' show hall
* Centre de la Nature
* Auteuilloise farm
* The Cardinal Golf club
* Red Lite Afterhours
* Saint-Francois Golf club
* Sainte-Rose Golf club
* The Boise Papineau park
* Le Match
* Cineplex Entertainment LP' Colossus movie theatre
* Centre Laval shopping centre
* Sainte-Rose en Blanc
Source: Tourisme Laval.
Regional media outlets
* CFAV 1570 AM "Radio Boomer"
* CFGL 105.7 FM "Rythme FM"
* Le Courrier Laval - bi-weekly - French
* Courrier Laval - weekly - English edition of Le Courrier Laval
* The Laval News (formerly called The Chomedey News) - bi-weekly - English
Famous natives and residents
* vincent lecavalier, ice jockey player
* Donald Audette, ice hockey player
* Annie Bellemare, figure skater
* Michael Bossy, ice hockey player
* Adolfo Bresciano, wrestler
* Martin Brodeur ice hockey player
* Gregory Charles, singer
* Josee Chouinard, figure skater
* Alexandre Daigle, ice hockey player
* Alexandre Despatie, Olympic diver
* Celine Dion, singer
* Stephanie Dubois, tennis player
* Pascal Dupuis, ice hockey player
* Alexandre Dussault. swimmer
* Hana Gartner, CBC broadcast journalist and host
* Jean-Sebastien Giguere, ice hockey player
* Sebastien Lefebvre, guitarist
* Mario Lemieux, ice hockey player
* Carrie Lightbound, kayaker
* Yannick Lupien, swimmer
* Frank Marino, guitarist
* Gedeon Ouimet, politician
* Yves P. Pelletier, actor, director, writer, comedian
* Eric Perrin, ice hockey player
* Maurice Richard, ice hockey player
* Lucien Rivard, criminal
* Martin St. Louis, ice hockey player
* Jose Theodore, ice hockey player
* Jocelyn Thibault, ice hockey player
* Catherine Tremblay, soccer player
* Joel Yanofsky, writer and columnist
It also shares about ten economic and cultural cooperation agreements with cities sush as Markham, Ontario, Ribeira Grande, The Azores, Nice, France, Grenoble, France, Mudanjiang, China and Pedro Aguirre Cerda, Chile.