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Longueuil

Longueuil is a city in located in the Monteregie administrative region of Quebec, and part of Greater Montreal. It sits on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River directly across from Montreal, in southwestern Quebec. In 2006, the population of Longueuil totaled 229,330, making it the fifth most populous city in Quebec and 19th largest in Canada. Residents of Longueuil are known as Longueuillois.

The original village of Longueuil was officially established in 1848, became a town in 1874, and then a city in 1920. It would merge with Montreal South in 1961, and Ville Jacques-Cartier in 1969, keeping its name as Longueuil.

On January 1, 2002, the provincial government amalgamated Longueuil with Boucherville, Brossard, Greenfield Park, LeMoyne, Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Saint-Hubert and Saint-Lambert. On January 1, 2006, Boucherville, Brossard, Saint-Lambert and Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville demerged and became independent cities once again. Today, Longueuil is composed of three boroughs, Greenfield Park, Saint-Hubert and Vieux-Longueuil (composed of the city of Longueuil prior to 2002 and the former city of LeMoyne. Locals refer to the borough of Vieux-Longueuil as "Longueuil proper" to distinguish it from the part of the borough known as "Old Longueuil".

According to Abbe Faillon, Charles Le Moyne (1626-1685), lord of the area starting in 1657, named Longueuil after a village which is today the seat of a canton in the district of Dieppe in his homeland of Normandy. In France, the name is spelled "Longueil" and it is rumored that it was a mistake to spell it "Longueuil".

Geography

Longueuil occupies 115.59 square kilometres (44.6 sq mi) of land. The city is bordered by the cities of Saint-Lambert and Brossard to the south, Boucherville to the north, Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville to the east and the Saint Lawrence River and Montreal to the west. The city of Longueuil is located approximately 7 kilometres (5 mi) east of Montreal on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River.

Longueuil is located in the Saint Lawrence River valley, and is a vast plain. Areas near the river were originally swamp land with mixed forest, and later prime agricultural land. Agricultural land still exists in the portions of the city furthest from the river.

The city of Longueuil also includes Ile Charron, a small island in the Saint Lawrence River, and part of the Boucherville Islands.

Like Montreal, Longueuil is classified as humid continental or hemiboreal (Koppen climate classification Dfb). Longueuil has long winters, lasting from November to March, short springs during April and May, average summers, lasting from June to August, and short falls during September and October.

Cityscape

Longueuil is an overwhelmingly suburban and residential city. It can be classified as a commuter town as a large portion of its residents commute to work in Montreal. Most buildings are single-family homes constructed in the post-war period. There are three boroughs in Longueuil, Vieux-Longueuil, Saint-Hubert and Greenfield Park.

Boroughs and neighbourhoods

Rue Ste-Helene in Vieux-Longueuil

Vieux-Longueuil

Vieux-Longueuil is the borough of Longueuil that corresponded to the city between 1969 and 2002, and the former town of LeMoyne. The pre-2002 city of Longueuil was composed of 3 towns merged together in the 1960s: Ville Jacques-Cartier, Montreal South and Old Longueuil.

Old Longueuil

Old Longueuil, not to be confused with Vieux-Longueuil, was named a heritage district by the city in 1993, is located in the Vieux-Longueuil borough, and features 450 buildings built before 1945. Most notable buildings are found in in this district, such as the Saint-Antoine Cathedral and Saint Mark's Anglican Church. St. Charles Street is the main street in this neighbourhood and features many small businesses, among them restaurants, bars, and corner stores.

Montreal South

Montreal South is located just south of Old Longueuil and contains Place Charles-LeMoyne, often considered to be downtown Longueuil. is the location of the Longueuil bus terminus and Longueuil-Universite-de-Sherbrooke metro station. Most of Longueuil's high-rise residential and office buildings are located in this area, including 99 Place Charles-LeMoyne, which is 30 stories tall, and is the tallest building in Greater Montreal off the Island of Montreal. Place Charles-LeMoyne is surrounded by major highways, Autoroute 20/Route 132 near the river in the west, the entrance ramp to the Jacques-Cartier Bridge to the south, and Taschreau Boulevard to the north and east. Universite de Sherbrooke is constructing a campus in this area, including a 17-story and a 12 story tower. Place Longueuil, a small shopping mall, is located between Montreal South and the older residential area of Old Longueuil.

Ville Jacques-Cartier

Ville Jacques-Cartier contains the largest portion of Longueuil's population. It forms a "U" shape around Old Longueuil and Montreal South. The southern part of Ville Jacques-Cartier is primarily low-income and residential. The architecture in this area can be defined as a mishmash and non-uniform, as buildings were usually constructed when the property owners had enough money to build them. The northern part, bordering Boucherville, is the exact opposite. Recently-built designer mansions and condominiums are plentiful, and the area is becoming increasing built-up.

Saint-Hubert

Saint-Hubert is the second largest borough of Longueuil in terms of population and the largest in terms of area. This borough is almost entirely suburban and residential, although there are still agricultural portions in the south and east. A large industrial park exists around Montreal/Saint-Hubert Airport, and features the brand new city hall of Longueuil, the headquarters of the Canadian Space Agency and a plant of Pratt & Whitney Canada. The commercial sector of the borough centers on Cousineau Boulevard, Chambly Road and Taschereau Boulevard.

Lafleche

The intersection of Boulevard Edouard and Rue Manse in Lafleche.

Lafleche is a densely-populated residential neighbourhood in Saint-Hubert. It is largely low-income, and similar to parts of Ville Jacques-Cartier. Most buildings in the area are single-family homes, but there are also some small apartment buildings scattered throughout the neighbourhood. Grande Allee Road and Boulevard Edouard are the main arteries in Lafleche, and both feature numerous small businesses.

Greenfield Park

Greenfield Park is primarily a post-war residential area. Like the other two boroughs, most of the buildings in Greenfield Park are single-family homes. The older section of the borough is to the west of Taschereau Boulevard, and the newer section is to the east, near Lafleche. Most of the borough's businesses are located along Taschereau Boulevard, the south shore's most important commercial artery. The Charles-Lemoyne Hosptial dominates the skyline of the borough. Nearly all of the land in Greenfield Park is built on, making it Longueuil's most densely populated borough.

Demographics

According to the 2006 Canadian Census, the City of Longueuil had 229,330 people, an increase of 1.6% over 2001's figure of 225,761. Longueuil occupies 115.59 square kilometres of space, giving the city a population density of 1,984 persons per kilometre squared. There were 101,746 private dwellings, 98,735 of which were occupied by usual residents.

Of the 132,570 workers in Longueuil, the median income was $26,537, which is above Quebec's provincial average of $25,464. Among the 69,990 full time workers, the median income was $37,521 or slightly below the provincial average.

Municipal

Longueuil merged on January 1, 2002 with the communities of Boucherville, Brossard, Greenfield Park, LeMoyne, Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Saint-Hubert, and Saint-Lambert. These cities became boroughs of the Longueuil megacity. Saint-Lambert and LeMoyne combined to become one borough, and the former city of Longueuil became the borough of Vieux-Longueuil.

On June 20, 2004, the former boroughs of Boucherville, Brossard, Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville and Saint-Lambert voted to demerge from Longueuil and reconstitute themselves as municipalities, having obtained 10% of signatures at a registry requesting a referendum and 35% or more majority yes votes at the referendum out of the total voting population on electoral lists. The rest of the city stayed intact, with the only change being LeMoyne voting to join the Vieux-Longueuil borough, rather than return on its own.

The former municipalities that now form the new city of Longueuil all have had dozens of different mayors. Since the 2002 municipal mergers, Longueuil has had two mayors. The current mayor of Longueuil is Claude Gladu, who also happened to be the city's mayor up until the municipal mergers. His term began in 2005 and is scheduled to end in 2009.

The city's three remaining boroughs are Vieux-Longueuil, Greenfield Park and Saint-Hubert. In total there are 26 city councillors, including one borough mayor each. The council president is Marie-Lise Sauve.
Borough Population (2006) Borough Mayor City Councillors
Greenfield Park 17,458 Bernard Constantini 3
Saint-Hubert 78,715 Stephane Desjardins 8
Vieux-Longueuil 138,179 Jacques Goyette 15
Mayors of the new city of Longueuil (2002-) Mayor Term Began Term Ended
Jacques Olivier 2002 2005
Claude Gladu 2006 incumbent

Federal and provincial

Federal Borough Other cities Federal Riding Member of Parliament Political Party
Greenfield Park, Vieux-Longueuil Saint-Lambert Saint-Lambert Josee Beaudin Bloc Quebecois
Saint-Hubert Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville Saint-Bruno?Saint-Hubert Carole Lavallee Bloc Quebecois
Vieux-Longueuil Boucherville Longueuil?Pierre-Boucher Jean Dorion Bloc Quebecois
Provincial Borough Other cities Provincial Riding Member of the National Assembly Political Party
Greenfield Park, Saint-Hubert Saint-Lambert Laporte Nicole Menard Quebec Liberal Party
Saint-Hubert N/A Vachon Camil Bouchard Parti Quebecois
Vieux-Longueuil N/A Marie-Victorin Bernard Drainville Parti Quebecois
Vieux-Longueuil N/A Taillon Marie Malavoy Parti Quebecois

Economy
Taschereau Boulevard is a major commercial artery in Longueuil.

Although a large chunk of Longueuil's work force commute to Montreal, the city nevertheless offers many jobs in a diverse range of industries. Above all, Longueuil benefits from having low property value despite its close proximity to Montreal. The city has a large retail industry, many of these jobs concentrated in malls such as Place Longueuil or commercial strips such as Taschereau Boulevard.

Longueuil is particularly strong in the aerospace industry. It is home to the headquarters of both Pratt & Whitney Canada and Heroux-Devtek, each employing thousands of workers. Also located in Longueuil is the headquarters of the Canadian Space Agency (John H. Chapman Space Center), adjacent to Montreal/Saint-Hubert Airport.

In 2008, Canadian Business ranked Longueuil as the 30th best place to do business in Canada.

Culture
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Media

Newspapers:

* Le Courrier du Sud (Longueuil)
* Le Journal de Saint-Hubert (St. Hubert)
* Le Magazine (Greenfield Park, LeMoyne and the city of St. Lambert)
* Longueuil Extra (Longueuil)

Radio:

* CHMP-FM 98.5
* CHAA-FM 103.3

Television:

* Tele Rive-Sud (TVRS)

Sport
Club Sport League Stadium/Arena
Le College Francais de Longueuil Ice Hockey Quebec Junior AAA Hockey League Colisee Jean Beliveau
Longueuil Ducs Baseball Ligue de Baseball Elite du Quebec Parc Paul-Pratt
Greenfield Park Packers Canadian football Midget AAA Parc Pierre Laporte
St. Hubert Rebelles Canadian football Midget AAA Centre Rosanne-Laflamme
South Shore Monarx Canadian football Quebec Junior Football League Centre Sportif College Edouard-Montpetit

Education
College Edouard-Montpetit, the only CEGEP in Longueuil
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The city of Longueuil is served by several educational institutions. Both the Universite de Montreal and Universite de Sherbrooke maintain campuses in the Borough of Vieux-Longueuil, and the the following CEGEPs are located in Longueuil:

* College Edouard-Montpetit, Borough of Vieux-Longueuil
* Ecole nationale d'aerotechnique, Borough of Saint-Hubert

Technical and Professional Colleges

Borough of Vieux-Longueuil

* Pierre-Dupuy Professional Formation Centre
* College Info-Technique

Secondary schools

Secondary schools in Longueuil School Borough Sector School Board
Centennial Regional High School Greenfield Park Anglophone Riverside School Board
College Charles-LeMoyne Vieux-Longueuil Francophone Private school
College Francais Vieux-Longueuil Francophone Private school
College Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes Vieux-Longueuil Francophone Private school
Ecole secondaire Andre-Laurendeau Saint-Hubert Francophone Commission scolaire Marie-Victorin
Ecole secondaire Gerard-Filion Vieux-Longueuil Francophone Commission scolaire Marie-Victorin
Ecole secondaire Internationale St-Edmond Greenfield Park Francophone Commission scolaire Marie-Victorin
Ecole secondaire Jacques-Rousseau Vieux-Longueuil Francophone Commission scolaire Marie-Victorin
Ecole secondaire Mgr-A.M.-Parent Saint-Hubert Francophone Commission scolaire Marie-Victorin
Ecole secondaire Participative l'Agora Greenfield Park Francophone Commission scolaire Marie-Victorin
Ecole secondaire St-Jean-Baptiste Vieux-Longueuil Francophone Commission scolaire Marie-Victorin
Heritage Regional High School Saint-Hubert Anglophone Riverside School Board

Infrastructure

Commuting patterns

According to the 2006 Census, about 39,485 city residents (17.2% of the total population) commute to work in Montreal on a daily basis, while only 38,090 residents (16.6%) work in the city itself. A further 6,915 residents (3.0%) work in Boucherville every day, 4,775 (2.1%) work in Brossard, 2,795 (1.2%) in Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, and 1,815 (0.8%) work in Saint-Lambert, the four other constituent cities of the Longueuil agglomeration.

By contrast only 8,845 people commute from Montreal to work in Longueuil every day, while 4,080 people commute from Brossard to work in Longueuil, 2,940 people commute from Boucherville, 2,090 from Sainte-Julie, 1,825 from Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, 1,815 from Chambly, and 1,810 from Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu.

Roads

The Saint Lawrence River between the Island of Montreal and the south shore is traversed by only five automobile crossings (the Honore-Mercier, Champlain, Victoria, and Jacques-Cartier bridges and the Louis-Hippolyte-Lafontaine tunnel), and they are severely congested. (See the list of bridges in Montreal.)
This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. You can help by converting this section to prose, if appropriate. Editing help is available. (May 2008)

* Quebec Autoroutes:
o Autoroute 20
o Autoroute 30

* Quebec Provincial Highways:
o Route 112
o Route 116
o Route 132
o Route 134

* Bridges/Tunnels:
o Jacques Cartier Bridge
o Louis Hippolyte Lafontaine Tunnel.

* Boulevards
o Taschereau Boulevard
o Cousineau Boulevard
o Grande Allee Boulevard
o Cure Poirier Boulevard
o Churchill Boulevard
o Jacques Cartier Boulevard
o Roland Therrien Boulevard

* Streets, Roads and Avenues
o Chambly Road
o St. Charles Street
o St. Helene Street
o St. Laurent Street

Public Transportation
An articulated RTL bus in Montreal.

The Reseau de transport de Longueuil (RTL) provides bus service in Longueuil. There are 71 bus routes and 13 shared taxi routes serving 117,804 passengers per day, and 30,970,996 passengers annually. Almost all bus lines of the RTL terminate at the Longueuil Bus Terminus. Many buses terminating at the other main bus terminus, Brossard-Panama, cross the Champlain Bridge to arrive at the Terminus Centre-Ville (AMT) in downtown Montreal (under the 1000 de la Gauchetiere office tower, at Bonaventure metro).

The city is also served by the Longueuil?Universite-de-Sherbrooke metro station, adjacent to the Longueuil bus terminus. The station connects to downtown Montreal via the yellow line of the metro. The Agence metropolitaine de transport (AMT) runs the Mont-Saint-Hilaire commuter train line also serves the south shore. The only commuter train station in the city of Longueuil is Saint-Hubert Station. Until the mid-1950s, Longueuil was served by interurban streetcars operated by the Montreal and Southern Counties Railway.

Longueuil also has a small airport, Saint-Hubert Airport. It is one of Canada's most important general aviation airports, ranked 12th busiest airport by aircraft movements.

Hospitals

The city is served by two hospitals. The Charles-LeMoyne Hospital in the borough of Greenfield Park is the main hospital for Greenfield Park and Saint-Hubert. The Pierre-Boucher Hospital is the main hospital for the borough of Vieux-Longueuil.
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