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SherbrookeSherbrooke (2006 population: 147,427) is a city in southeastern Quebec, Canada, the only major city in the Eastern Townships. Although originally settled in the early 19th century by anglophones, it is today primarily a francophone city.
The area of Sherbrooke was first settled in 1793 by American Loyalists, including Gilbert Hyatt, a farmer from Schenectady, New York, who built a flour mill in 1802. The village was named "Hyatt's Mills" until 1818 when the village was renamed after Governor General Sir John Sherbrooke at the time of his retirement and return to England.
The city grew considerably on January 1, 2002, by the mergers of the cities of Sherbrooke, Ascot, Bromptonville, Deauville, Fleurimont, Lennoxville, Rock Forest, and Saint-Elie-d'Orford.
Historical buildings located on Dufferin Street.
Located at the confluence of the Saint-Francois (St. Francis) and Magog rivers in the heart of the Eastern Townships and the Estrie administrative region. Sherbrooke is also the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Sherbrooke. Its geographical code is 43.
In 2007 Canadian Business Magazine Magazine ranked Sherbrooke as the top place to do business in Canada. The report cites large increases in commercial building permits, strong exports, a highly educated workforce, and low unemployment rate. Another benefit is the daily flight available to and from Toronto from Sherbrooke Airport.
Sherbrooke is also the centre of an important agricultural region with many dairy farms. An important business is the manufacturing of ice hockey sticks: more of these are made in Sherbrooke than anywhere else in the world. Sherbrooke is home to a concrete truss bridge, the first of its kind in the world.
The city is the location of one French-language university, the Universite de Sherbrooke, and since Lennoxville and Sherbrooke merged in 2002 (see municipal reorganization in Quebec), of an English-language University, Bishop's University. U de S is a comprehensive university with schools of medicine and law and extensive graduate programs, while Bishop's is smaller and predominantly undergraduate. There are three CEGEPs in Sherbrooke, two of them French-language, the Cegep de Sherbrooke and the Seminaire de Sherbrooke, and one English-language, Champlain Regional College.
Sherbrooke is served by an airport of small calibre located in Cookshire, just east of the city. Currently, flights operate on weekdays only to Toronto. There is currently no passenger train service to Sherbrooke, although Transdev Limocar assures bus service from Montreal to Sherbrooke via Granby and Magog. Autobus Jordez makes the link from Sherbrooke to Drummondville and Trois-Rivieres, and also to Quebec City.
Within the city of Sherbrooke, public transportation is offered by the Societe de transport de Sherbrooke (STS). They operate 17 bus routes, 11 minibus routes, and 5 taxibus routes.
The City of Sherbrooke is also located at the western terminus of A-10, and directly on the Autoroute Trans-Quebecois (A-55). A-10 provides a direct freeway connection to Montreal and points west, while A-55 connects directly to Trois-Rivieres, Shawinigan, and points north, as well as to Interstate 91 to the south.
The information regarding ethnicities above is from the 2001 Canadian Census. The percentages add to more than 100% because of dual responses (e.g. "French-Canadian" generates an entry in both the category "French" and the category "Canadian".) Groups with greater than 1,500 responses are included.
* 0-14 years: 17.8%
* 15-64 years: 69.0%
* 65 years and over: 13.2%
Census Metropolitan Area
The Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) includes the cities of Sherbrooke, Magog and Waterville, the Parish of Saint-Denis-de-Brompton; the municipalities of Compton, Stoke, and Ascot Corner, Hatley county and the village of North Hatley.
The population in 2006 was 186,952. Indigenous peoples comprised just over 0.6% of the population.
Plymouth-Trinity United Church
French was mother tongue to 90.6% of residents (counting both single and multiple responses). The next most common mother tongues were English at 5.6%, Spanish at 1.3%, Arabic and Serbo-Croatian languages at 0.6% each, Persian at 0.4%, Niger-Congo languages at 0.3%, and Chinese and German at 0.2% each. (Percentages may total more than 100% owing to rounding and multiple responses).
About 87% of the population identified as Roman Catholic in 2001 while 6% said they had no religious affiliation. Among smaller denominations Statistics Canada counted 1.2% Anglicans, 0.8% Muslims, 0.8% United Church, 0.7% Baptists, 0.5% Eastern Orthodox and 0.3% Jehovah?? Witnesses. Pentecostals and Methodists accounted for 0.2% each, while Buddhists, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventists, Mormons and Plymouth Brethren accounted for 0.1% each.
The area is home to about four thousand recent immigrants (arriving between 2001 and 2006) who now comprise about 2% of the total population. Approximately 13% have emigrated from Colombia, 12% from France, 7% from Afghanistan, 6% from each of Morocco and Argentina, 5% from each of Algeria and Congo, 4% from China, and 3% from each of Burundi, Tunisia, and Tanzania. About 2% of these recent immigrants were born in the United States while about 2% were born in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Sherbrooke University Hospital Centre (properly, the Centre hospitalier de l'Universite de Sherbrooke, or CHUS) in the Fleurimont borough
Mount Bellevue and the Sherbrooke skyline
Notable Sherbrooke residents
The former Winter Prison
* Pierre-Marc Bouchard, Eric Belanger and David Perron, hockey players for the Minnesota Wild and the St. Louis Blues (hockey)
* Serge Cardin, Bloc Quebecois MP for Sherbrooke
* Jean Charest, federal cabinet minister, Deputy Prime Minister and Progressive Conservative Party leader; Quebec Liberal Party leader and Premier of Quebec
* Jim Corcoran, singer-songwriter
* Christian Dube, ice hockey player
* Northrop Frye, literary critic
* Garou, singer
* Yousuf Karsh, photographer
* Harry Saltzman, film producer
* Yanic Perreault, NHL ice hockey player
* Mathieu Dandenault, NHL ice hockey player was born here
Joseph-Armand Bombardier hailed from the Sherbrooke area. John Bassett and Conrad Black started their careers as media barons as owner and co-owner, respectively, of the Sherbrooke Record.
Downtown Sherbrooke at night
Downtown: Wellington Street, January 2006
Neo-Tudor style House, Corner of Ball and Brooks streets
King Street, downtown
Sherbrooke City Hall
Corner of King and Wellington streets
The Magog River dam